The Ultimate Guide to Tips
It is thrilling to explore and discover new places, peoples and their cultures. There is a grave side to travelling though. This is because visiting a foreign country also means you are exposed to viruses and bacteria you may never have encountered in your home country. This makes travel jabs an important way to protect your life.
For these reasons, travel jabs become a stressful thought for travellers. The type of vaccination that is required will be dictated by the time of year that you’ll be travelling and the geographical region you will be going to. Though there are many diseases to worry about, below is a brief discussion of some of those diseases that are of concern.
One such disease common in tropical surroundings, is Japanese Encephalitis which is spread by mosquitoes carrying the virus. The symptoms are usually mild but it can end up causing swelling in the brain. The travel inoculation is given in 3 doses and a month before the day of traveling. The countries affected include; South East Asia, The Far East, and Tropical North East Australia.
Another disease is Malaria which is a tropical disease that is spread to humans by mosquitoes of the Anopheles species. After a bite by an infected mosquito, symptoms will appear in the body from 10 days to 3 weeks and they include; flu-like symptoms, vomiting, nausea, general body weakness, fever and chills. A malaria prophylaxis regimen is available in form of tablets that are to be swallowed 21 days prior to traveling and the same course continued for 4 weeks after you return. The regions that have this travel requirement include; Asia, Africa, and the Middle East.
Typhoid fever is a concern for people travelling abroad. Typhoid is got from contaminated food or water. The disease is viral and symptoms are fever, headaches, and diarrhea. This disease is dangerous. Vaccination should be given one month before the day of travel. Apart from getting the jab, you should take care of the sources of food and water you take to ensure high standards of hygiene are observed. Central and South America, Africa, Asia and the Middle East are among the regions where typhoid is prevalent.
There is another serious disease namely Yellow Fever. It is only found in Sub-Saharan Africa and tropical South America. It is caused by a bite from an infected mosquito. The symptoms include; vomiting, headache, bleeding and jaundice. This is a dangerous disease. In some countries, East Africa in particular, requires a certificate of inoculation before entry. The travel inoculation for yellow fever is administered 10 days before departure and lasts as long as 10 years.
It’s advisable to check into a good travel clinic so that you can prepare yourself adequately before traveling to ensure a safe and enjoyable trip