Looking On The Bright Side of Education
Indian Education – A Brief Look At Its History
It’s likely that one of the biggest education system across the world is the Indian education system. Whether you believe it or not, higher education system of such country is ranked to be the 3rd in the world following US and China. Not only that, it’s also expected to US behind in more or less 5 years and China in the next 20 years. There are also statistics saying that the college age group population of the country keeps on increasing, which is of course great news for the education system of India.
On the other hand, as good as future prospects look for Indian education system, the education in such country is also filled with rich history. And we are going to learn more of that history in the later parts of this content.
Their system of education started in South Asia with teaching of different traditional educational elements like Indian religions, Indian logic and Indian mathematics. There are other things that were taught of as well throughout the period but these 3 appear to be the more common. It’s in Taxila were they built their learning centers that is now part of modern-day Pakistan as well as Nalanda, which is still part of India. But things have changed so fast after the English have invaded India. Western education system was then brought at this stage.
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When the education system started in India, it typically used to be under supervision of a guru or in modern sense, an instructor or teacher. On the other hand, the education back then was attained by learning things that’ll help one achieve Moksha or liberation.
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Soon after though, India’s education system has witnessed so many changes including the emergence of caste-wide education. The Shudras were believed to be the lowest caste of all and as a result, they’re denied to have an education but for other caste like Vaishyas, they’re being taught of commerce activities and mathematic, Kshatriya would have to learn warfare activities and the Brahmans were made to learn about religion as well as scriptutres.
In addition to that, the way the education is provided to students used to be so different than what it is today. Students back before were made to stay at ashrams, which is used to be far away from their home. Aside from that, they are also made to follow strict guidelines that were laid down by teachers.
But as the population of India began to increase at a staggering pace after the start of Gupta empire period, so as the learning centers set up in cities like Nalanda and Varanasi. Obviously, this lead to many changes in their education system but still, religion is used as a major factor in India’s education system.